Explanation of the different types of electric vehicles

January 14th, 2023 by

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Different types of electric vehicles were developed to meet the different needs of consumers. Some may prefer small and lightweight for commuting while others prefer larger and more powerful for long-distance travel and towing. Different technologies were used to meet the demands of different markets. Some electric vehicles are specifically designed for urban areas while others are designed for off-road terrain.

There are 4 types of electric vehicles, battery (BEV), hybrid electric (HEV), plug-in electric (PEV), fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV).

The battery engine vehicle (BEV) is much lighter than a gas engine vehicle and there are no tailpipe emissions. The automobiles battery pack is plugged into an outlet at a home charging station or at a public one. The motor converts electric energy from the battery pack into mechanical energy to turn the wheels.

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Hybrid Electric(HEV)

Hybrids use gas and electric but there are three different ways they can use it. These gas engines are smaller and more efficient than the traditional gas engines.

In a parallel hybrid, both the combustion engine and the electric motor are connected to the drivetrain. It’s charged by regenerative braking. This means the car charges itself as you drive and brake. The car automatically decides when to use gas or electric depending on driving conditions.

In a series hybrid, the electric motor is the only source of power for the vehicle. The gas engine is not connected to the drivetrain. The gas engine is used only to charge the battery pack. Most series hybrids are charged by regenerative braking. Some have plug-in capability. These are often considered extended-range vehicles.

Plug-in hybrids (PHEV) are just what you think it is. You plug it in to charge it. When the electricity wears out, gas takes over. A PHEV car could also use bio-diesel.

See our new Hyundai hybrid and electric vehicles!

Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV) use hydrogen gas as fuel. This type of car uses a fuel cell to generate electricity to power. It does not have an internal combustion engine. A fuel cell converts chemical energy to electrical energy through a chemical reaction. The byproduct of this hydrogen oxygen reaction is water vapor making FCEV a zero-emission vehicle.

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There are several areas in development for the future of electric cars. One area of expected improvement should be the range and performance. At the current time there is a 200 – 300 mile range from an electric vehicle on a single charge, so hopes are this will increase. Certainly there is a desire that prices will come down and new charging technologies with an expansion of charging networks. There is also more interest in self-driving electric cars and trucks for personal use and transportation. One thing for sure is, gas cars will be phased out and electric cars will take over.

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If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact our team at Hyundai of Mankato or call us at 507-769-0351.